Argentina travel guide

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Salta is located in the Lerma valley in a mountainous region in the North-West of Argentina. The town has quite a few nice colonial mansions and churches and is a good base for exploring the region.

The city centre is small enough to explore on foot. The Plaza 9 de Julio is the real centre of town, and here you find the Cathedral dating back to the 1850s and the Cabildo. East of the centre is the Cerro San Bernardo which can be reached by cable car (spanish: teleferico – depart from Parque San Martin) and from which you get a great view over the city.

The small suburb or San Lorenzo is a good destination for a short excursion (20 minutes away, AR$9 by taxi) – stroll in the park or go further into the forest on one of the many hiking trails that start there; go on a horseback ride up the hill to get a great view of Salta, or simply walk around this very nice neighborhood to see the the colonial-style houses.

From Salta, there is a variety of excursions that will take you up in the mountains for fantastic views. Go to Cachi (West) for one day to see landscapes reminiscent of the desert of Arizona, Cafayate (South) for breath-taking rock formations, or Jujuy (North) for a trip into the rainforest.

The main attraction in Salta is the Tren A Las Nubes (train to the clouds). This 15-hour train ride (only runs on saturdays) takes you to 4,200 m of altitude, to the large viaduct La Polvorilla and the small Indian village of San Antonio de Los Cobres. Tour guides on the train will tell you a lot of interesting information during the ride; Indian artisans will sell you hand-made alpaca sweaters for US$8; and folk bands will play traditional music on the way back. The ride is long (especially the last 2 hours, after nightfall) and a bit pricey, but WELL WORTH IT. The scenery will take your breath away.

The Train to the Clouds

One of the biggest tourist attractions of the province of Salta in the northern Argentina, crosses 33 bridges, 13 viaducts, 21 tunnels, 2 routes and two zigzags and has a history of its own, long and zigzagging as its layout. The line was started in 1889 and finised in 1948. The railway stretches from Salta city across the Andes to the Chilean port of Antofagasta. Salta, the state where is located, is well known for Argentine fishing and the Train to the Clouds


Cafayate is wine growing in a very rough and desert-like environment. If you have the opportunity go visit one of the bodegas, like Etchart or Michel Torino. The white Argentinian torrontes they make is famous. Cafayate is a town located at the central zone of the Valles Calchaquíes in the province of Salta, Argentina. It sits 1,683 meters above mean sea level, at a distance of 1,329 kilometres from Buenos Aires, 227km from Tucumán, 311 km from Jujuy and 365 km from Catamarca. It has about 12,000 inhabitants and the population is about 11,785

The town is an important tourist centre for exploring the Calchaquíes valleys, and because of the quality and originality of the wines produced in the area. It was founded in 1840 by Manuel Fernando de Aramburu, at the site of a mission. In 1863 the Cafayate Department was created, of which Cafayate is the capital.

Mar del Plata

(population 550,000) is an Argentine city located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean in the Buenos Aires Province, 400 km south of Buenos Aires.

As an important fishing port, industry concentrates on fish processing. The area is also host to other light industry, such as textile and food manufacturing. Located nearby are stonemasons which are used in construction.

As part of the Argentina recreational coast, tourism is one of Mar del Plata's main economic activities. Between five and seven million tourists visit Mar del Plata every year, occasionally quadrupling the number of residents. Mar del Plata has sophisticated tourist infrastructure to cater to the industry and as such, casinos, theatres and other tourist attractions are all located there.

Mar del Plata is the most popular destination for conventions in Argentina after Buenos Aires. It has a wide range of services in this sector. Mar del Plata's vivdly life assures activities going on every week of the year when it comes to entertainment. The Fiesta Nacional del Mar ("National Sea Festival") with the election and coronation of the Sea Queen and her princesses; the Premios Estrella de Mar ("Sea Star Awards") which honor the best shows during summer season; the Valencian Falla week; the Mar del Plata Moda Show, the numerous fashion shows that gathers the best haute couture designers, and the Mar del Plata International Film Festival, the only film festival "class-A" of Latin America.

Tierra del fuego

The Tierra del Fuego is the big island on the southern tip of Argentina and Chile. It's a treat for adventurous travelers and offers great outdoor opportunities. After the long trip through Patagonia, its a refreshing change to start seeing green trees, and life again. Tierra Del Fuego is beautiful.Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuegoreserve
It is an area which has a great variety of possibilities to live an unforgettable summer. Special excursions, trekking, horse riding, sport fishing, mountain bike, journeys through unexplored sites, navigations on modern catamarans or comfortable sailing boats which will take you along the Beagle Channel, to the Cape Horn and the Antartic Continent.

But if you prefer land tours you can discover the circuits in the city knowing about the history and culture of the people, of the first habitants, the richness of the Museum of the End of the World or the Maritime Museum, the ancient convicts train of the world's southern-most city turned into an amazing tourism ride or climb close to the Martial Glacier, or visit the Tierra del Fuego National Park, the Escondido and Fagnano Lakes, the Harberton and Moat Ranches or go through the Heart of the Island to meet the picturesque little town called Tolhuin or the Chepelmut and Yehuin Lakes. All these excursions are plenty of an unexpected flora and fauna which you never thought to find in this region of the planet.

From may to september you will find the best conditions for the cross-country and down-hill ski, with excellent ski slopes placed in wonderful landscapes, enjoying the pleasure to ski around glaciers, high decidious forest and deep valleys. The Centro Invernal Monte Castor is the newest down-hill skiing centre in Argentina. Situated at just 15 minutes from Ushuaia city, by pavemented road. It was built at the Krund mountain, offering more and better snow conditions from May to October. The chair-lift can be reached by a new generation equipment. After a healthy exercise you can share a typical meal, lamb barbecue, kingcrab or a chocolate, a journey on snowcats or on sledge dogs.


Mendoza is the most important city of the West of Argentina. Set at the foot of the Andes mountains at an altitude of 760 meters, it is only 200 km from Santiago, Chile. The city was founded in 1561, and although this is not an Earthquake free zone, there are quite a few historic buildings of interest in the centre. The Ruinas de San Francisco mission in the Ciudad Vieja, the Museo Fundacional and the Parque San Martin are main attraction in town.

On Saturdays you should visit the Plaza Espana, where a artisans market is held. For a cup of coffee, choose one of the sidewalks terraces on Avenida San Martin. Around Mendoza there are many wineries one can visit. Other interesting options around are skiing in los Penitentes or a visit to Uspallata to explore the mountains or to the Aconcagua on the Chilean border to have a look at South America's highest mountain the Cerro Aconcagua.

Iguazu falls

The waterfall system consists of about 270 falls along 2.7 kilometres (1.67 miles) of the Iguazu River. Some of the individual falls are up to 82 metres (269 feet) in height, though the majority are about 64 metres (210 feet). The Garganta del Diablo or Devil's Throat (Garganta do Diabo in Portuguese), a U-shaped 150-metre-wide and 700-metre-long (490 by 2300 feet) cliff, is the most impressive of all, and marks the border between Argentina and Brazil. Most of the falls are within Argentine territory, but from the Brazilian side a more panoramic view of the Garganta del Diablo is obtained. Many islands split up the falls, including several large ones. About 900 metres of the 2.7-kilometre length does not have water flowing over it. The first European to find the falls was the Spanish Conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, after whom one of the falls in the Argentine side is named.

The falls are shared by the Iguazú National Park (Argentina) and Iguaçu National Park (Brazil). These parks were designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1984 and 1986, respectively.

The name Iguazu comes from the Guarani words y (water) and guasu (big). The legend says that a god pretended to marry a beautiful aborigine named Naipú, who fled with her mortal lover in a canoe. In rage, the god sliced the river creating the waterfalls, condemning the lovers to an eternal fall.

Iguazu falls are the second largest in the world after Victoria Falls in Africa and are deservedly one of the seventh wonders of the world. Their height isn't so inspiring as is their length – the falls seem to go on and on in the distance. When the water level of the river is high, the whole ridge is almost covered in the huge expanse of water pouring over. At other times, when the river level is lower, the amount of water is less and trees are rocks jump out from the fall wall providing a beautiful break in the water. Their are multiple approaches to the falls, both from above and below. At some points you can get so close that you will feel the spray from the falls on your face. The Iguazu falls is formed at the edge of a volcanic flow where the rock suddenly changed hardness and wore away. What's sad is there was a second, even larger, fall that was destroyed when the river was dammed.

Besides the falls, you can enjoy a walk through the bush where you will be delighted with sights of monkeys and tucans playing in the forest.

For those who would like to see the falls from both sides, it is only a short taxi ride across the border to Brazil. It is suggested that the Brazil side should be seen first, as, although stunning, is not quite as awesome as the Argintinian side, and this way leaves the best until last. You should give yourselves at least half a day on each side and preferably more.

Misiones Province

The Iguazu falls are located in Argentina's Misiones Province. This provice is stunning and known for its dark red clay soil and brilliant green trees. The countryside here is like nowhere else in Argentina, is very striking.

Near the Iguazu falls you can go to a point near the river which on the border of the three countries – Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil. You can even see the city lights of Paraguay in the distance.


Bariloche is well known as a posh ski resort in the Argentinian Andes. But the town has a lot more to offer than just ski slopes. There is a great National Park nearby, and there are many hiking, biking, rafting and other outdoor activities waiting for you.

Every season in Bariloche has its own special charm. Winter brings the excitement of skiing and the graduate trips that arrive between july and september. Fishing tackle in November, long, hot days in summer and crowded chocolate shops at Easter are typical of the changing seasons. Bariloche's tourist area is located near the Centro Cívico, with the main shopping and business area centered on Mitre street, and to a lesser extent, Moreno and intersecting streets.

There are chocolate factories, shops selling smoked food and knitted garments, restaurants and fast food outlets, tourist agencies, shows, and everything else that a first-class tourist resort can offer.

Parapointing is available from the top of the ski resort during the summer months. Jumping off a mountain on a parachute is quite a thrill. Horseback riding and extensive trails are also available in the area.


Located in the North West of Argentina, the Quebrada de Humahuaca is one of the major tourist sights. The colonial architecture and the barren landscape will remind the traveler of Peru and Bolivia.

The town of Humahuaca is located on the Rio Grande, at an elevation of 3000 meter. There are a few nice old churches and the famous Clock Tower in the cabildo, but for most tarvelers Humahuace servers as a base for exploring the region.

Tilcara is worthwhile, it has a few museums and the pre-Hispanic pucara is well worth a visit as well. A few kilometer to the south the hillside cemetery of Maimara is a great photo opportunity.
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